Professional vegetable growers share their experience
Annual seminar “Protected Ground: A Look into the Future. Hybrids, Protection, Technology, Economy” was held at the Mercure hotel in Moscow on October 5-7, 2022.
The following issues were considered at this annual key event for the professional field of protected ground: How did the protected ground industry react to the events of 2022? How to adapt to the new economic conditions?
The “Gavrish” company gathered specialists on protected ground from all over Russia and neighboring countries. Among the participants were: directors and chief agronomists of greenhouse enterprises, researchers of industry institutes and the Russian Academy of Sciences, heads of public organizations, as well as representatives of companies whose activities are related to equipment and greenhouse structures, lighting lamps, fertilizers, plant protection, various substrates, etc.
The conference was opened by Andrey Kazakov, Executive Director of the NGO “National Union of Fruit and Vegetable Producers”. He made a report on the state of protected ground in Russia in January – August 2022, spoke about new measures of state support for producers, noted the increasing numbers of vegetable production and expressed confidence that 2022, apparently, will break the record of the previous year in yield.
The conference was attended by Sergey Fedorovich Gavrish, Doctor of Agricultural Sciences. He described promising hybrids of vegetables created by breeders of the “Gavrish” company, told about a new crop hybrid of cucumber – F1 Solaris: “In the Yaroslavl shopping mall, according to the results of F1 tests, Solaris yielded a harvest of 57.6 kg/m2 for September-November 2021, for January-April 2022 – 37.05 kg/m2; in total – 94.7 kg/m2, which is 4.4 kg more than the standard.”
Agronomist-agrochemist Kilbovskaya T.V from the greenhouse plant “Rodina”, Voronezh shared her experience of growing cucumber F1 Cyborg in interplanting together with tomatoes, as a result of which the company achieved revenue in the intervals between tomato turns due to the sale of fruits of the high-yielding hybrid F1 Cyborg.
In continuation of the conference S.A.Spesivov, the manager of the Saratov greenhouse plant “REHN” told about the novelty that the company discovered – tomato F1 Chersonese. He noted that the hybrid has the main qualities necessary for growing pink tomatoes: resistance to changes in daytime and nighttime temperatures in the Saratov region, to cladosporiosis, as well as to the development of top rot at high temperature and low humidity.
The event was attended by T.I. Burko, Chief agronomist of Agro-Invest, Ludinovo. One of the largest greenhouse enterprises in Russia with an area of 105 hectares conducted a variety test of cherry tomato F1 Santiago on LED-illumination. It was found that the hybrid tolerated light culture much better than the standard hybrid with which it was grown. “An open, well-leafed plant that is suitable for growing under artificial light. I would like to subscribe to these words, it even fits under the “LEDs”, – T.I. Burko said.
The words of Shagaev A.Yu. were confirmed by Osyka V.V. – the chief agronomist of JSC Teplichnoye, Yekaterinburg “For ourselves, we found out that the cucumber “Metreng” is ideal for growing in summer conditions. It survives the heat well due to its vegetation and a powerful root system. We go through the entire turnover without aborting fetuses. We have a high level of standard products. Since the fruits of the “Metreng” do not stretch, do not lengthen, we immediately send all products for packing.”
After that, beef-tomato hybrids became the topic for discussion. Ruban N.A., head of the production of protected soil at MRUP Agrokombinat “Zhdanovichi”, Minsk, told about the new tomato F1 Berezina. The variety tests of this tomato were checked here. According to Ruban N.A., the hybrid showed resistance to vertex rot even in conditions of abnormally hot summer, which was in June and August in the growing region. No precipitation was recorded in the spring months, no lesions with powdery mildew. “The plant is in full composition by the end of the turn,” N.A.Ruban said.